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Sources for Early Modern Letters

Introduction

Some treatises on the art of letter writing

Editions

Some printed and online inventories

Some major European sources for early modern letters and how to consult them

Some secondary literature

Introduction

This list contains Northern European sources and secondary literature concerning humanist letters. It does pretend ‚Äď or even aspire ‚Äď to completeness. Because the compiler, Dirk van Miert, began with Joseph Scaliger, many Italian and British sources are absent. Most of Scaliger‚Äôs correspondence is with French, Dutch and German scholars, but many printed letter collections from these countries have not been included here. If you would like to have a title or link added or updated, please contact the project assistant,¬†Robin Buning. This list is intended to provide examples of completed work and of work in preparation. Nevertheless, it is hoped that these references to online catalogues, inventories and editions will prove useful. Sources from the Netherlands receive particular attention here. This bias, a personal one, highlights a number of Dutch sources which are often overlooked. Of the early-modern editions, only some 18th century anthologies have been included.

A first version of this list was published on the website of the Warburg Institute. The list below is an updated version.

Some treatises on the art of letter writing

  • 1522: J. C. Margolin (ed.),¬†Desiderius Erasmus.¬†De conscribendis epistolis,¬†in¬†ASD¬†[=¬†Opera Omnia Desiderii Erasmi Roterodami]vol. I,2, Amsterdam 1971, 153-579; translation by Charles Fantazzi in J. K. Sowards (ed.),¬†CWE[=Collected Works of Erasmus],¬†vol. 25, Toronto 1985, 1-254.
  • 1534: Charles Fantazzi (ed. and transl.),¬†Juan Luis Vives.¬†De conscribendis epistolis, Leiden-New York 1989.
  • 1591: R. V. Young and M. Thomas Hester (ed. and transl.),¬†Justus Lipsius.¬†Epistolica Institutio, Principles of Letter-Writing, Carbondale-Edwardsville 1996.
  • 1641: jean Puget de La Serre, Le secr√©taire √† la mode, Paris 1641 (the Rouen 1651 edition can be consulted here).

Some 18th and 19th century collections of edited letters:

  • Burmannus, Petrus (ed.),¬†Sylloges Epistolarum tomi quinque, 5 vols, Leiden 1727.
  • Freytag, T. F. (ed.),¬†Virorum doctorum epistolae selectae, Leipzig 1831.
  • Meel, J. G. (ed.),¬†Insignium virorum epistolae selectae quae nunc primum prodeunt, Amsterdam 1701.

Some 19th century editions:

The 19th century editions are not always trustworthy. Tamizey de Larroque in his edition of Scaliger letters, for instance, leaves out whole passages (especially with Greek in it) without giving any notice.

  • BRAHE: Fr. Friis (ed.),¬†Tychonis Brahei et ad eum doctorum virorum Epistolae ab anno 1568 ad annum 1587, 4. vols.,Kopenhagen etc. 1876-1886.
  • CHAPELAIN: Ph. Tamizey de Larroque (ed.),¬†Lettres de Jean Chapelain, de l‚ÄôAcad√©mie fran√ßaise, Paris 1880-1883.
  • CRATO: P. F. X. de Ram (ed.),¬†Ad Thomam Redigerum et Joannem Cratonem epistolae: accedunt Remberti Dodonaei, Abrahami Ortelii, Gerardi Mercatoris et Ariae Montani ad eumdem Cratonem epistolae, Bruxelles 1847.
  • MURETUS: Marcus Antonius Muretus,¬†Epistolae, ad optimarum editionum fidem accurate editae, Leipzig 1838.
  • LINNAEUS: James Edward Smith (ed.),¬†A selection of the correspondence of Linnaeus and other naturalists, from the original manuscripts, London 1821; H. C. van Hall (ed.),¬†Epistolae ineditae, Groningen 1830; C. N. J. von Schreibers (ed.),¬†Epistolae ad N. J. Jacquin, Wittenberg 1841.
  • ORTELIUS: Joannes Henricus Hessels (ed.),¬†Ecclesiae Londino-Batavae Archivum,¬†vol. 1:¬†Abrahami Ortelii (geographi Antverpiensis) et virorum eruditorum ad eundem et ad Jacobum Colium Ortelianum (Abrahami Ortelii sororis filium) epistulae: cum aliquot aliis epistulis et tractatibus quibusdam ab utroque collectis (1524-1628), Cambridge 1887.
  • PEIRESC: Ph. Tamizey de Larroque (ed.),¬†Lettres de Peiresc, 7 vols., Paris 1888-1898.
  • Letters to PEIRESC: Ph. Tamizey de Larroque (ed.),¬†Les correspondants de Peiresc, Paris 1879-1897 (repr. Gen√®ve 1972).
  • RHENANUS: Adalbert Horawitz und Karl Hartfelder (eds),¬†Briefwechsel des Beatus Rhenanus, Leipzig 1886. [a new edition is being prepared by James Hirstein (ed.),¬†Epistulae Beati Rhenani]
  • SCALIGER: Ph. Tamizey de Larroque (ed.),¬†Lettres fran√ßaises in√©dites de Joseph Scaliger, Agen-Paris 1879.

Some 20th century editions:

  • AGUSTIN: C. Flores Sell√©s (ed.),¬†Epistolario de Antonio Agust√≠n,¬†Salamanca 1980.
  • ARLIER: J. N. Pendergrass (ed.),¬†Correspondance d‚ÄôAntoine Arlier, humaniste Languedocien 1527-1545, Gen√®ve 1990.
  • BARBARO: Vittore Branca (ed.),¬†Ermolao Barbaro: Epistolae, orationes et carmina, 2 vols., Firenze 1943.
  • CHAPELAIN: Bernard Bray (ed.),¬†Jean Chapelain. Soixante-dix-sept lettres in√©dit√©s √† Nicolas Heinsius (1649-1658), La Haye 1966 (see also under Some 21st century editions)
  • CHOMPR√Č: see RAYNAL
  • CLERC/CLERICUS: see LECLERC
  • CLUSIUS: J. L. Barona & X. G√≥mez Font (eds),¬†La correspondencia de Carolus Clusius con los scient√≠ficos espa√Īoles, Valencia 1998.
  • DOLET: Claude Longeon (ed.),¬†Etienne Dolet. Correspondance. R√©pertoire analytique et chronologique suivi du texte de ses lettres latines, Gen√®ve 1982.
  • DUPUY, CHRISTOPHE: Kathryn Willis Wolfe et Phillip J. Wolfe (eds),¬†Humanisme et politique. Lettres Romaines de Christophe Dupuy √† ses fr√®res, 2 vols., Paris etc. 1988-1997.
  • Letters to the DUPUY BROTHERS: Philippe Fortin de la Hoguette (ed.),¬†Lettres aux fr√®res Dupuy et √† leur entourage (1623-1662), 2 vols. Firenze 1997.
  • DUPUY, JACQUES: see HEINSIUS; NAUD√Č.
  • ENZINAS: Ignacio J. Garc√≠a Pinilla (ed.),¬†Francisco de Enzinas. Epistolario, Gen√®ve 1995.
  • ERASMUS: P. C. Allen, H.-M. Allen and H. W. Garrod (eds),¬†Opus Epistolarum Desiderii Erasmi Roterodami, Oxford 1906-1947. An English translation appears in¬†CWE; a French translation is: A. Gerlo,¬†La Correspondance d‚Äô√Črasme,12 vols., Brussels 1967-1984. A Dutch translation is currently being prepared: two volumes (letters 1-297) have appeared so far: M. J. Steens,¬†De correspondentie van Desiderius Erasmus, Rotterdam 2004 – .
  • GAGUINUS: P. de Nolhac & L. Dorez,¬†Roberti Gaguini Epistole et Orationes. Texte publi√© sur les √©ditions originales de 1498, pr√©c√©d√© d‚Äôune notice biographique et suivi de pi√®ces diverses en partie in√©dites, par L. Thuasne, 2 vols., Paris 1903.
  • GERMAIN: John Paul McDonald (ed.),¬†Dom Michel Germain. Lettres d‚ÄôItalie (1685-1686), Firenze 1992.
  • GROTIUS: P. C. Molhuysen et al. (eds),¬†Briefwisseling van Hugo Grotius,¬†17 vols., The Hague 1928-2003.
  • HEINSIUS, NICHOLAS: Hans Bots (ed.),¬†Correspondance de Jacques Dupuy et de Nicolas Heinsius (1646-1656), La Haye 1971. See also CHAPELAIN (here and under Some 21st century editions)
  • HUYGENS, CONSTANTIN: J. A. Worp (ed.),¬†De briefwisseling van Constantijn Huygens, 1608-1697,¬†6 vols., The Hague 1911-1917. (Many letters are only paraphrased (in Dutch!); see also under Some on-line inventories and correspondences)
  • KEPLER: Max Casper (ed.),¬†Briefe¬†(Johannes Kepler‚Äôs Gesammelte Werken, Bd. 13-18) M√ľnchen 1945-1959.
  • LECLERC: Mario Sina et al. (eds),¬†Jean le Clerc. Epistolario, 4 vols., Firenze 1987-1997.
  • LIPSIUS: Alo√Įs Gerlo et Hendrik D.L. Vervliet (ed.),¬†La Correspondance de Juste-Lipse conserv√©e au Mus√©e Plantin-Moretus, Anvers 1967.
  • MORE: Elizabeth F. Rogers (ed.),¬†Sir Thomas More. Correspondence,¬†New Haven 1947.
  • NAUDE: Phillip Wolfe (ed.),¬†Lettres de Gabriel Naud√© √† Jacques Dupuy (1632-1652), Edmonton 1982.
  • PEIRESC: Agn√®s Bresson (ed.),¬†Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc. Lettres √† Claude Saumaise et √† son entourage (1620-1637), Firenze 1992.
  • PONTANUS: P. N. van Doorninck en P. C. Molhuysen (eds),¬†Brieven van en aan Jo. Is. Pontanus 1591-1639,¬†Haarlem 1909. (Many letters are only paraphrased (in Dutch!))
  • RAYNAL: Emile Liz√© & E. Wahl (eds)¬†In√©dits de correspondances litt√©raires. G. T. Raynal (1751-1753). N. M. Chompr√© (1774-1780), Paris-Gen√®ve 1988.
  • RIVET and SALMASIUS: Pierre Leroy et Hans Bots, avec Els Peters (eds),¬†Claude Saumaise et Andr√© Rivet: correspondance √©chang√©e entre 1632 et 1648,¬†Amsterdam 1987.
  • RIVET and SARRAU: Hans Bots et Pierre Leroy (eds),¬†Correspondance int√©grale d‚ÄôAndr√© Rivet et de Claude Sarrau, 3 vols., Amsterdam 1978-1982.
  • ROMANUS: P. Bockstaele, ‚ÄėThe Correspondence of Adriaan van
  • Roomen‚Äô,¬†LIAS¬†3 (1976), 85-129; 249-299; ‚ÄėCorrections and additions, 1594-1615‚Äô,¬†LIAS¬†19 (1992), 3-20.
  • SCRIBANI: L. Brouwers S.J. (ed.),¬†Brieven van Carolus Scribani (1561-1629), Anwerpen 1972.
  • TORRENTIUS: Marie Delcourt et Jean Hoyoux (eds),¬†Laevinus Torrentius. Correspondance, 3 vols., Paris 1950-1954.

Some 21st century editions:

  • AGRICOLA: Adrie van der Laan & Fokke Akkerman (ed. and transl.),¬†Rudolph Agricola.¬†Letters¬†(Bibliotheca Latinitatis Novae), Assen-Tempe 2002.
  • ARIAS MONTANO: A. D√°vila P√©rez (ed. y trad.),¬†Correspondencia conservada en el Museo Plantin-Moretus de Amberes, Madrid 2002.
  • BASNAGE: Myriam Silvera (ed.),¬†Jacques Basnage. Corrispondenza da Rotterdam, 1685-1709, Amsterdam-Maarssen 2000.
  • CHAPELAIN: Bernard Bray (ed.), Jean Chapelain,¬†Les letters authentiques √† Nicolas Heinsius (1649-1672): une amiti√© √©rudite entre France et Hollande, Paris 2005.
  • DUPUY: see PINELLI
  • FILELFO: Francesco Filelfo,¬†Collected Letters. “Epistolarum Libri” XLVIII, ed. Jeroen De Keyser, 4 vols, Alessandria: Edizioni dell’Orso, 2015.
  • [VON HUTTEN]: Jean-Christophe Saladin (ed.),¬†Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum:¬†Ulrich von Hutten,¬†Lettres des hommes obscurs, Paris 2004.
  • JUNIUS F. F.: Sophie van Romburgh (ed.),¬†‚ÄúFor my Worthy Freind¬†[sic]¬†Mr Franciscus Junius‚ÄĚ. An Edition of the Correspondence of Francis Junius F.F. (1591-1677)¬†(Brill‚Äôs Studies in Intellectual History, vol. 121), Leiden-Boston 2004.
  • PELL: Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall,¬†John Pell (1611-1685) and his correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish. The mental world of an early modern mathematician, Oxford 2005.
  • PINELLI and DUPUY: Anna Maria Raugei (ed.),¬†Gian Vincenzo Pinelli et Claude Dupuy. Une correspondance entre deux humanistes, 2 vols., [Firenze] 2001.
  • SCALIGER: Paul Botley and Dirk van Miert (eds),¬†The Correspondence of Joseph Scaliger (1549-1609)¬†[London: The Warburg Institute/Leiden University: The Scaliger Institute, 2012] [online inventory:¬†http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/forms/advanced?col_cat=Scaliger%2C+Joseph+Justus].
  • SEPULVEDA: J. J. Valverde Abril (ed.),¬†Io. Genesius Sepulveda.¬†Epistolarum libri septem, (Bibliotheca Teubneriana) M√ľnchen-Leipzig 2003.
  • VERZOSA: Eduardo del Pino Gonz√°lez (ed.), Juan de Verzosa,¬†Ep√≠stolas, 3 vols., Introducci√≥n, edici√≥n cr√≠tica, traducci√≥n anotada e √≠ndices Alca√Īiz-Madrid, 2006.

Some current editions:

  • AMERBACH¬†(Bonifacius): A. Hartmann, B. R. Jenny (eds),¬†Die Amerbachkorrespondenz, Basel 1942 – .
  • BEZA:¬†Correspondance de Th. de B√®ze,¬†H. Aubert et al. (eds), Geneva, 1960-.
  • DANTISCUS: J. Axer with A. Skolimowska (eds),¬†Corpus epistularum Ioannis Dantisci, Warsaw 2004 – .
  • HARTLIB: The Hartlib Papers, including transcriptions of the correspondence of Samuel Hartlib:¬†www.dhi.ac.uk/hartlib [online inventory:¬†http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/forms/advanced?col_cat=Hartlib%2C+Samuel]
  • KIRCHER: see¬†http://kircher.stanford.edu
  • LINNAEUS: [London-Uppsala: http://linnaeus.c18.net and¬†http://linnean-online.org/correspondence.html]
  • LIPSIUS: A. Gerlo et al. (J. De Landtsheer) (eds),¬†Iusti Lipsi Epistolae¬†[19 vols.], Brussels 1978-.
  • MARNIX: A. Gerlo & R. De Smet (eds),¬†Marnixi Epistulae: de briefwisseling van Marnix van Sint-Aldegonde 1558-1576 [5 vols.], Brussel 1990-2018.
  • MELANCHTHON: H. Scheible(ed.), Melanchthon‚Äôs Briefwechsel, Stuttgart 1977-.
  • PIRCKHEIMER: Emil Reicke, et. al. (eds),¬†Willibard Pirckheimer. Briefwechsel, [7 vols]. M√ľnchen 1940-[2008] (vol. 6 appeared in 2004).
  • USSHER: E. Boran (ed.) [Dublin, Trinity College].

Some printed and online inventories

  • BARLAEUS: K. van der Horst,¬†Inventaire de la correspondance de Caspar Barlaeus (1602-1648), Assen 1978.
  • DALECHAMPS: Charles B. Schmitt, ‚ÄėThe Correspondence of Jacques Dal√©champs (1513-1588)‚Äô,Viator¬†8 (1977), 399-434: 409-434.
  • GRONOVIUS: P. Dibon, H. Bots et E. Bots-Estourgie,¬†Inventaire de la correspondance de Joh. F. Gronovius (1631-1671), La Haye 1974.
  • LIPSIUS: Alo√Įs Gerlo and Hendrik D.L. Vervliet,¬†Inventaire de la correspondance de Juste Lipse 1564-1606, Anvers 1968.
  • RIVET: Paul Dibon, avec E. Bots-Estourgie et H. Bots,¬†Inventaire de la correspondance d‚ÄôAndr√© Rivet (1595-1650), La Haye 1971.
  • VOSSIUS, Gerardus Joannes: G. A. C. van der Lem and C. S. M. Rademaker ss.cc.,¬†Inventory of the Correspondence of Gerardus Joannes Vossius (1577-1649), Assen-Maastricht 1993 [online version:¬†http://emlo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/forms/advanced?cito%3ACatalog=Vossius,%20Gerardus%20Joannes&people=vossius,%20gerardus&cito_Catalog=Vossius,%20Gerardus%20Joannes]

Some major European sources for early modern letters and how to consult them

Some library catalogues:

  • ERLANGEN: Universit√§tsbibliothek:¬†Briefsammlung Trew. A collection of hundreds of early modern manuscript letters. See the printed catalogue: Eleonore Schmidt-Herrling (bearb.),¬†Die Briefsammlung des N√ľrnberger Arztes Christoph Jacob Trew, 1695-1769, in der Universit√§tsbibliothek Erlangen,¬†(Katalog der Handschriften der Universit√§tsbibliothek Erlangen, Bd. 5), Erlangen 1940. (copies of letters can be ordered from the commercial publisher Harald Fischer-Verlag:¬†www.haraldfischerverlag.de; they cost some 15 euro‚Äôs per page).
  • HAMBURG:¬†Uffenbach-Wolfsche Briefsammlung. A collection of thousands of early modern manuscript letters. See the printed catalogue: N. Kr√ľger,¬†Supellex epistolica Uffenbachii et Wolfiorum, 2 vols., Hamburg 1978.
  • LEIDEN:¬†Apparatus Molhuysen.¬†A card-file system containing thousands of references to printed letters of early modern scholars who (had) lived in The Netherlands. The files are not digitized: they are found at the far end of the Rare Books & Manuscripts Department (Dousa)¬†; there is an index available which lists most of the works Molhuysen consulted, but this booklet, bound in brown cloth, is hard to find, as it is kept on a shelf at the other end of the room and bears no title.
  • LONDON, British Library:¬†has numerous collections with thousands of manuscript letters. Among the richest are:
  • The MSS of CharlesBurney. Printed catalogue:¬†Catalogue of Manuscripts in the British Museum, New Series,¬†vol. I, part 2.¬†The Burney Manuscripts,¬†London 1840. Bound and indexed jointly with the Arundel MSS.
  • The MSS of Robert¬†Harley¬†MSS. Printed catalogues:¬†A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum,4 vols., London 1808-1812. An¬†Index to Volumes of Autograph Letters in the Harleian Collection¬†is held in the Manuscripts Reading Room at shelf 1d.
  • The MSS of Hans¬†Sloane¬†(Additional MSS 5018-5027, 5214-5308 are from Sloane‚Äôs collection, but are described as Additional MSS): Catalogues: S. Ayscough,¬†A Catalogue of the Manuscripts Preserved in the British Museum, 2 vols., London 1782. Arranged by subject ; E. J. L. Scott,¬†Index to the Sloane manuscripts in the British Museum,¬†London 1904.
  • Always make sure to check the¬†Index of Manuscripts in the British Library,¬†10 vols., Cambridge 1984-1986, which should cover most of the older catalogues. Also consult the on-line ms. catalogue of the BL: www.bl.uk/catalogues/manuscripts,¬†as the printed and on-line mss. do not cover each other for a 100 percent.
  • MUNICH, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek:¬†Collectio Camerariana. A collection of thousands of early modern manuscript letters. The only access is the 19th century printed catalogue, which has an¬†extremely unreliable index. Do not forget to browse through the pages yourself: Carolus Halm et Gulielmus Meyer,¬†Catalogus Codicum Latinorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis,¬†II.1, Clm 8101-10930, M√ľnchen 1874.
  • PARIS: Biblioth√®que National,¬†Collection Dupuy. A collection of thousands and thousands of early modern manuscript letters. The 1899 printed catalogue plus the 1928 index hereon (Leon Dorez,¬†Biblioth√®que National. Catalogue de la Collection Dupuy,¬†2 vols., Paris 1899; Leon Dorez,¬†Biblioth√®que National. Catalogue de la Collection Dupuy/ Table Alphab√©tique par S. Solente,¬†Paris 1928) is (most of the time) online availably in pdf: http://visualiseur.bnf.fr/Visualiseur?Destination=BnF&O=NUMM-209160; see under ‚ÄėDupuy‚Äô: it has volume one (nos. 1-500), volume two (nos. 501-958) and the alphabetical index.¬†Note that the BnF website is slow and that the pdf-pages often do not appear at all: one has to bepatient and try several times.
  • ITER ITALICUM: An indispensable source for searching manuscripts in European libraries is P. O. Kristeller,¬†Iter Italicum; accedunt alia itinera. A finding list of uncatalogued or incompletely catalogued humanistic manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other libraries, 6 vols. & indexes, London 1963-1997. The work is digitized and can be consulted on the website of¬†ITER. Gateway to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance¬†(www.itergateway.org) for those individuals and institutes who are affiliated.

Some national online-catalogues of manuscript letters:

Some on-line inventories and correspondences:

Some secondary literature

  • Akkerman, Fokke, ‚ÄėDe Neolatijnse epistolografie ‚Äď Rudolf Agricola‚Äô,¬†Lampas¬†18, 1985, 321-337.
  • Allen, Percy S. ‚ÄėSome letters of Masters and Scholars, 1500-1530‚Äô,¬†English Historical Review¬†22 (1907) 740-54.
  • Ammermann, M. ‚ÄėGelehrten-Briefe des 17. und fr√ľhen 18. Jahrhunderts‚Äô,¬†Wolfenb√ľtteler Schriften zur Geschichte des Buchwesens¬†9, 1983, 81-96.
  • Bartlett, Kenneth R. and Margaret McGlynn (eds),¬†Humanism and the Northern Renaissance,¬†Toronto 2000, chapters 6, 8, 26, 28, 32.
  • Berg, Wim van den ‚ÄėBriefreflectie en briefinstructie‚Äô,¬†Documentatieblad werkgroep 18e eeuw¬†38, 1978, 1-22.
  • Beugnot, B., ‚ÄėD√©bats autour du genre √©pistolair. Realit√© et √©criture‚Äô,¬†Revue d‚ÄôHistoire Litt√©raire de la France¬†74, 1974, 195-202.
  • Bossis, Mireille, ‚ÄėMethodological Journeys Through Correspondences‚Äô,¬†Yale French Studies¬†71, 1986, 63-75.
  • Bots, J.A.H.G.M.,¬†Republiek der Letteren. Ideaal en werkelijkheid, Amsterdam, 1977.
  • Bracke, W.,¬†‚ÄėFare la Epistolae‚Äô, nella Roma del Quattrocentro, Rome 1992.
  • Bray, B. ‚ÄėL‚Äôenqu√™te des Correspondences‚Äô,¬†Le XVIIe si√®cle et la recherche: actes du 6√®me colloque de Marseille, Marseille 1976, 65-78.
  • Bray, B. ‚ÄėLa louange, exigence de civilit√© et pratique √©pistolaire au XVII√®me si√®cle‚Äô,¬†XVIIe si√®cle¬†42, 1990, 135-153.
  • B√ľrgel, Peter ‚ÄėDer Privatbrief. Entwurf eines heuristischen Modells‚Äô,¬†Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift f√ľr Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte¬†50 (1976), 281-297.
  • Clough, Cecil H., ‚ÄėThe cult of Antiquity: letters and letter collections‚Äô, in Cecil H. Clough (ed.),¬†Cultural aspects of the Italian Renaissance,¬†Manchester-New York 1976, 33-67.
  • Conde Salazar, Matilde, ‚ÄėLa literatura epistolar como fuente historiogr√°fica‚Äô, in: Maurilio P√©rez Gonz√°lez (ed.),Congreso internacional sobre Humanismo y Renacimiento, volumen I, Le√≥n 1998, 255-262.
  • Constable, G., Letter and Letter-Collections, Turnhout 1976.
  • Cugusi, P., Evoluzione e forme dell‚Äôepistolografia latina. nella tarda Repubblica e nei primi due secoli dell‚Äô impero, Roma 1983.
  • Daumas, M. ‚ÄėManuels √©pistolaires et identit√© sociale (XVIe ‚Äď XVIIe si√®cles)‚Äô,¬†Revue d‚Äôhistoire moderne et contemporaine¬†40 (4), 1993, 529-556.
  • Dibon, Paul, ‚ÄėLes √©changes √©pistolaires dans l‚ÄôEurope savante du XVIIe si√®cle‚Äô,¬†Revue de synth√®se¬†81-82, 1976, 31-50.
  • Dibon, Paul, ‚ÄėCommunication in the Respublica Literaria of the 17th Century‚Äô,¬†Res publica litterarum. Studies in the classical tradition, I, 1978, 43-50
  • Dibon, Paul, ‚ÄėLes avatars d‚Äôune √©dition de correspondance: les¬†Epistolae I. Casauboni¬†de 1638‚Äô,¬†Nouvelles de la R√©publique des Lettres,¬†1982, 2, 25-63.
  • Dibon, Paul ‚ÄėCommunication √©pistolaire et mouvement des id√©es au XVIIe si√®cle‚Äô,¬†Regards sur la Hollande du si√®cle d‚Äôor, Napels, 1990, 171-190.
  • Doty, W.G., ‚ÄėThe Classificatin of epistolary Literature,¬†The Catholic Biblical Quarterly¬†31, 1969, 183-169.
  • [Erasmus]:¬†La correspondance d‚Äô√Črasme et l‚Äô√©pistolographie humaniste. Colloque international tenu en novembre 1983,¬†Travaux de l‚ÄôInstitut Interuniversitaire pour l‚Äô√©tude de la Renaissance et de l‚ÄôHumanisme 8, Brussels 1985.
  • L‚Äô√©pistolaire au xvie si√®cle, Paris 2001.
  • Fantazzi, Charles, ‚ÄėVives versus Erasmus on the Art of Letter Writing‚Äô, in Toon Van Houdt et al. (eds),¬†Self-presentation and Social Identification. The Rhetoric and Pragmatics of Letter Writing in Early Modern Times,Supplementa Humanistica Lovaniensia xviii, Leuven 2002, 39-56.
  • Fumaroli, Marc,¬†‚ÄėGen√®se de l‚Äô√©pistolographie classique: rh√©torique humaniste de la lettre, de P√©trarque √† Juste Lipse‚Äô,¬†Revue d‚ÄôHistoire Litt√©raire de la France¬†78 (1978), 886-905.
  • Fumaroli, Marc ‚ÄėThe Republic of Letters‚Äô,¬†Diogenes¬†143, 1988, 129-152.
  • Gerlo, A. ‚ÄėThe¬†opus de conscribendis epistolis¬†of Erasmus and the tradition of the¬†ars epistolica‚Äô, R. R. Bolgar (ed.),Classical Influences of European Culture: Proceedings of an International Conference held at King‚Äôs College, Cambridge, April 1969, Cambridge 1972, 103-114.
  • Gualdo Rosa, L., ‚ÄėLa pubblicazione degli epistolari umanistici: bilancio e prospettive‚Äô,¬†Bulletino dell‚ÄôIstituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo e Archivio Muratoriano¬†89, 1980-1981, 369-392.
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A. Capelli, Lexicon abbreviaturarum. Dizionario di abbreviature latine ed italiane: look up Latin and Italian abbreviations: www.hist.msu.ru/Departments/Medieval/Cappelli/index.html or www.adfontes.uzh.ch/5231.php

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